Dr Ecuru is an interdisciplinary scientist and researcher. He works on issues related to technological innovation and industrial competitiveness in Africa. His focus is on the theory and practice of sectoral and regional innovation systems, innovative clusters and innovation policies (especially in health, agriculture and environment) that foster sustainable development. Dr Ecuru also contributes to scholarly works in the chemical and bioengineering sciences and supports regulatory science and research ethics capacity development. His current research interests include interactive learning models, which make universities, firms, and related organizations more productive and catalytic mechanisms for innovation, growth, and social development. He served as Assistant Executive Secretary of the Uganda National Council for Science and Technology in charge of research development and innovation prior to joining icipe as head of BioInnovate Africa. He received his B.Sc (Chemistry) Honors and M.Sc in Environmental Science from Makerere University, Kampala, and a Ph.D in Technology/Technoscience Studies (Innovation and Development) from the Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden. Dr Ecuru is also a Fogarty Bioethics Fellow having received a postgraduate diploma in International Research Ethics from the University of Cape Town, South Africa.